20th August 1818 - Prince Adolphus visits Salisbury

Adolphus Frederick Duke of Cambridge.JPG

On 20th August 1818 the Duke of Cambridge, Prince Adolphus was presented with the Freedom of Salisbury[1].

Prince Adolphus was the seventh son of George III and Queen Charlotte.

He was the current Queen’s great-great-grandfather[2] but, being the seventh son, Queen Elizabeth didn’t inherit the throne through him. As I understand it[3], Adolphus’ descendants ended up being kings and queens as follows.

Adolphus was the son of George III.

Queen Victoria was George III’s grand-daughter.

Adolphus had a grand-daughter called Mary Teck.

Queen Victoria had a grand-son who became George V.

George V married Mary Teck[4].

So Aldolphus’ descendants, including Queen Elizabeth, Charles and the current Duke of Cambridge are in line to the throne, despite Adolphus never being very close to succession himself.


[1] The Popular History Of Old & New Sarum. T. J. Northy, Published by the Wiltshire County Mirror & Express Co. Ltd., 1897. Available digitally on the Internet Archive - URL: https://archive.org/stream/popularhistoryof00nort/popularhistoryof00nort_djvu.txt.

[2] Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[3] My understanding is derived from British monarchs’ family tree page on Wikipedia. To be honest, there’s every chance I’ve got it wrong.

[4] George V was Queen Elizabeth’s granfather

[5] File:Adolphus Frederick Duke of Cambridge.JPG - Wikimedia Commons

Image Credit

I don’t know who painted Adolphus’ portrait, but Wikimedia Commons says ‘This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years[5].’